Conventionally, wood is burnt for heat generation, especially in cold countries. However, wood burning has consequences on the environment as it emits fine particles and volatile organic compounds (VOCs), linked to health and environmental problems. Researchers have now developed a greener way to generate heat with biomass. The research was published in ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering.
The benefit of biomass, which consists of plant material and animal waste, is that there is no shortage. It is produced continuously in enormous quantities as a waste product from paper and agricultural industries. So scientists are trying to figure out how to use biomass with minimal emissions.